An investigation of computer animated reinforcers as a motivational tool for children with autism

Walsh, L. and Barry, M. (2009) An investigation of computer animated reinforcers as a motivational tool for children with autism. In: m-ICTE 2009, V International Conference on Multimedia and ICT in Education, 22-24 April 2009, Lisbon, Portugal.

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Abstract

This research investigates the development of Discrete Trial Instruction (DTI) multimedia software to teach social skills to young learners with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD). An online social scenario animation has been created, along with a series of quizzes in order to assist in the knowledge transfer of significant points within the social skills prototype. An investigation is also ongoing into the creation of computer-based games (or reinforcers) to reward young learners on completion of a lesson. These games seek to positively motivate and encourage young learners to learn new skills via the computer. Fieldwork for this investigation was completed with local special needs schools, in order to gain an understanding of user requirements. Interview findings suggest that children are drawn to moving objects and unusual sound effects. Some children also show a preference for linear designs, similar to those found in alphabetic letters. Many of these learners enjoy spending time watching flowing text of movie subtitles on a screen. A set of reinforcers has been created and integrated into the social skills prototype. A nationwide survey has been conducted with Irish special needs schools, and findings from this evaluation should contribute to design specifications for future multimedia development.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Departments or Groups: eLearning Technology Group
Divisions: School of Science > Department of Computing, Maths and Physics
Depositing User: Leanne Walsh
Date Deposited: 09 May 2009 10:28
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2016 10:25
URI: http://repository.wit.ie/id/eprint/1186

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